D-KA Aug. LX

Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek - Musikabteilung, Aug. LX
Number of chants: 5241

Provenance: Zwiefalten
Date: 1100s+
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Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek - Musikabteilung, Aug. LX

D-KA Aug. LX

Late twelfth-century antiphoner of which the musical notation was almost completely rewritten in the 13th/14th century. Originated in Zwiefalten; was taken from there to the abbey of Reichenau early in the 16th century. Four-line staff, with red F-line and yellow C-line; seven different notations. Monastic cursus. 276 folios.

Liturgical Occasions “at a glance” (refer to the index for complete contents):

Ff. 2v-156v: Winter Temporale and Sanctorale. 2v, First Sunday of Advent; 18v, Christmas; 23v, Stephen; 37r, Ferial Office; 45v, Immaculate Conception; 55v, Benedict; 60v, Septuagesima; 66r, Ash Wednesday; 87r, Maundy Thursday; 93v, Easter; (ff. 106r-143v, interpolated material); 153r, Pentecost.

Ff. 157r-206v: Summer Sanctorale. 157r, John the Baptist; 163r, Paul; 170r, Afra; 173v, Laurence; 189v, Gallus; 192v, Ursula; 195v, All Saints.

Ff. 206v-221v: Common of Saints. Ff. 221v-224v: Dedication of a Church. Ff. 224v-227v: Trinity. Ff. 227v-330r: Elizabeth of Hungary. Ff. 230r-232v: Catherine. Ff. 233r-247r: Summer Histories. Ff. 247r- 248r: Antiphons "ad Benedicite." Ff. 248r-253v: Sundays after Pentecost. Ff. 254r-259r: Invitatory Tones. Ff. 259v-265v: Office for the Dead. Ff. 265v-267v: Chants “ad Mandatum.” Ff. 267v-271v: Ferial Office. F. 272: Common of Mary. Ff. 273r-275r: Benedict.

Karlsruhe Aug. LX presents several challenges to the researcher. It is written in six different hands and seven notational styles spanning five centuries. A brief overview is provided below:

1: late 12th-century Caroline minuscule
2: an early 13th-century hand on ff. 263r-264v
3: a mid-13th-century Gothic minuscule (ff. 227v-232r--the added Offices of Elizabeth of Hungary and Catherine of Alexandria)
4: a mid-15th-century hand (the added material on ff. 106r-142)
5: 15th-century Gothic minuscule (ff. 135v-242v)
6: 15th-centry Humanist hand (142v)

Hain describes the characteristics of each hand in his Ein musikalischer Palimpsest , pp. 21-9; his discussion of the different notations, describing exactly where they are used in the manuscript, can be found on pp. 30-69.

Chants are often written in a haphazard manner: for example, the ending of the antiphon “O clavis David et sceptrum” (16v) is written four lines above where it is begun. This is especially prevalent among verses to responsories (e.g., see ff. 46v, 47r, 67v, 70v, 78r, 172r, 206r, 214v). An extreme example of this is the verse “Averte oculos meos ne videant,” which is begun on 105v but is continued on 144r.

Each chant not found in CAO is assigned an arbitrary number prefixed by “zwi.” The full texts of the Offices of Elizabeth of Hungary and Catherine of Alexandria can be found in Analecta hymnica, vol. 25, pp. 253-8, and vol. 26, pp. 212-5, respectively. The rhymed Office for Benedict appears full in Analecta hymnica, vol. 25, pp. 145-9.

Differentiae are not written out in Karlsruhe Aug. LX; instead, the mode and differentia of an antiphon are indicated by letters (a vowel followed by a consonant). However, such letters are not provided for all antiphons. The "Extra" field has been used to present the letters indicating mode and differentia for most of the antiphons from another source--the Engelberg Directorium (Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 102). (For further information see Omlin, Die Sanktgallischen Tonarbuchstaben, pp. 161-2, 202-327). The Extra field is included only in the widescreen version of the index.

Selected Bibliography

Haggh, Barbara. Two Offices for St Elizabeth of Hungary: Introduction and Edition. Musicological Studies LXV/1. Ottawa: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1995.
Hain, Karl. Ein musikalischer Palimpsest. Ph.D. diss., University of Freiburg, Switzerland, 1925.

Heckenbach, Willibrord. “Das mittelalterlichen Reimoffizium ‘Praeclarum late’ zu den Festen das Heiligen Benedict.” In Itinera Domini: Festschrift fuer Emmanuel von Severus OSB zum 80. Geburtstag, 189-210. Münster: Aschendorff, 1988.

Omlin, Ephrem P. Die Sankt-Gallischen Tonarbuchstaben. Ph.D. diss., University of Freiburg, Switzerland, 1934.

Metzinger, Joseph P. et al., eds. The Zwiefalten Antiphoner: Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. LX. With an introduction by Hartmut Moeller. Ottawa: Institute for Mediaeval Music, 1996.

Moeller, Hartmut. Antiphonarium: Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. 60. Codices illuminati medii aevi, 37. Munich: Edition Helga Lengenfelder, 1995. [A colour microfiche reproduction with an introduction that appears in English, with minor changes, in the work by Metzinger et al, referred to above.]

The computer file was compiled at The Catholic University of America by Joseph P. Metzinger, Lila Collamore, Keith Falconer, and Richard Rice. Tonary letters were copied from Omlin’s book into the file by Charles Downey.