A-KN 1013

Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift - Bibliothek, 1013
Number of chants: 2889

Provenance: Klosterneuburg
Date: 1100s
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Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift - Bibliothek, 1013

A-KN 1013

Twelfth-century antiphoner from Klosterneuburg, Austria. Four-line dry-point staff with D-, F-, A- and C-clefs. F- and C- lines in red and yellow. Cathedral cursus. 164 parchment folios (with several lacunae), 25.9 x 16.5 cm with a principal writing-space of 20 x 13.5 cm.

Liturgical Occasions “at a glance” (refer to the index for complete contents):

Ff. 1r-164r: Winter Temporale and Sanctorale. 2v, Advent; 9v, Nicholas; 13r, Lucy; after 22v, lacuna; 28v, Christmas; 33v, Stephen; 53r, Epiphany; 61v, Ferial Office; 65r, Sebastian; 74v, Agnes; 77v, Conversion of Paul; 80v, Purification; 84r, Agatha; 87v, Gregory; 90v, Benedict; 94r, Annunciation; 98r, Septuagesima; 106r, Ash Wednesday; 128r, Palm Sunday; 135r, Maundy Thursday; 144r, Easter; 145r, Quem quaeritis Easter play; after 159v, lacuna; 160r, Invention of the Cross; 161r, Alexander and his Companions; 161v, John at the Latin Gate; after 161v, lacuna; 162r, Ascension; after 163v, lacuna.

This is one of eight manuscripts (1013, 1012, 1010, 589, 1011, 1015, 1017, and 1018) that was copied over a period spanning two centuries. Codices Claustroneoburgensis (CCl.) 1013, 1012 and 1010 are among the oldest surviving sources in the Klosterneuburg library of the sung Office liturgy. CCl. 1013 and 1012 can be paired to create a complete twelfth-century representation of the church year, since 1012 begins at Pentecost and 1013 ends just before. CCl. 589, 1011, 1015, 1017 and 1018 date from over a century later. Of these later manuscripts, three contain the chants of the pars hiemalis (winter) and two the pars aestiva (summer).

Each chant not included in CAO is assigned an arbitrary number prefixed by “klo.” Several of the Offices found in these manuscripts but not included in CAO appear in full in Analecta hymnica (AH), as well as in other CANTUS files. The Office for Immaculate Conception appears in AH vol. 5, pp. 47-50; Ursula appears in AH vol. 28, pp. 256-9; and Benedict in AH vol. 25, pp. 145-9.

The differentiae of each mode have been numbered with a two-digit system: an upper-case letter indicating the final pitch of the differentia and a sequentially-ordered numeral. These differentia codes are consistent throughout these eight Klosterneuburg indices.

Selected Bibliography

Heckenbach, Willibrord. “Das mittelalterlichen Reimoffizium ‘Praeclarum late’ zu den Festen das Heiligen Benedict.” In Itinera Domini: Festschrift fuer Emmanuel von Severus OSB zum 80. Geburtstag , 189-210. Münster: Aschendorf, 1988.

Lacoste, Debra S. “The Earliest Klosterneuburg Antiphoners.” Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Western Ontario, 1999.

Lacoste, Debra S. ed.. Four Klosterneuburg Antiphoners: Augustiner-Chorherren Stiftsbibliothek, 1013, 1012, 1017, and 1018. Printouts from an Index in Machine-Readable Form. A CANTUS Index. Ottawa: The Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1998.

Lacoste, Debra S. “Klosterneuburg 1017 and 1018: An Analytical Inventory.” M.A. thesis, The University of Western Ontario, 1994.

The computer indices were prepared by Debra Lacoste (The University of Western Ontario)