A-KN 1017

Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift - Bibliothek, 1017
Number of chants: 2220

Provenance: Klosterneuburg
Date: 1200s+
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Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift - Bibliothek, 1017

A-KN 1017

Thirteenth- or fourteenth-century antiphoner from Klosterneuburg, Austria. Five-line staff in black ink with F- and C-lines traced in red and yellow. D-, F-, A- and C-clefs. Cathedral cursus. 184 parchment folios (with a misfoliation at 24), 26.5 x 18.7 cm with a principal writing-space of 20.9 x 14.7 cm; beginning missing.

Liturgical Occasions “at a glance” (refer to the index for complete contents):

Ff. 1r-174r: Winter Temporale and Sanctorale. 1r, Nicholas; 4r, Lucy; 5v, Immaculate Conception; 11v, third Sunday of Advent; 30r, Christmas; 36r, Stephen; 59r, Epiphany; 68v, Ferial Office; 80v, Sebastian; 84v, Agnes; 88v, Conversion of Paul; 93v, Purification; 98r, Agatha; 102r, Gregory; 106r, Benedict; 111r, Annunciation; 115r, Septuagesima; 126r, Ash Wednesday; 156r, Palm Sunday; 164v, Maundy Thursday; 171v, Holy Saturday; 174v, Invitatory Tones.

This is one of eight manuscripts (1013, 1012, 1010, 589, 1011, 1015, 1017, and 1018) that was copied over a period spanning two centuries. Codices Claustroneoburgensis (CCl.) 1013, 1012 and 1010 are among the oldest surviving sources in the Klosterneuburg library of the sung Office liturgy. CCl. 1013 and 1012 can be paired to create a complete twelfth-century representation of the church year, since 1012 begins at Pentecost and 1013 ends just before. CCl. 589, 1011, 1015, 1017 and 1018 date from over a century later. Of these later manuscripts, three contain the chants of the pars hiemalis (winter) and two the pars aestiva (summer).

Each chant not included in CAO is assigned an arbitrary number prefixed by “klo.” Several of the Offices found in these manuscripts but not included in CAO appear in full in Analecta hymnica (AH), as well as in other CANTUS files. The Office for Immaculate Conception appears in AH vol. 5, pp. 47-50; Ursula appears in AH vol. 28, pp. 256-9; and Benedict in AH vol. 25, pp. 145-9.

The differentiae of each mode have been numbered with a two-digit system: an upper-case letter indicating the final pitch of the differentia and a sequentially-ordered numeral. These differentia codes are consistent throughout these eight Klosterneuburg indices.

Selected Bibliography

Heckenbach, Willibrord. “Das mittelalterlichen Reimoffizium ‘Praeclarum late’ zu den Festen das Heiligen Benedict.” In Itinera Domini: Festschrift fuer Emmanuel von Severus OSB zum 80. Geburtstag , 189-210. Münster: Aschendorf, 1988.

Lacoste, Debra S. “The Earliest Klosterneuburg Antiphoners.” Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Western Ontario, 1999.

Lacoste, Debra S. ed.. Four Klosterneuburg Antiphoners: Augustiner-Chorherren Stiftsbibliothek, 1013, 1012, 1017, and 1018. Printouts from an Index in Machine-Readable Form. A CANTUS Index. Ottawa: The Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1998.

Lacoste, Debra S. “Klosterneuburg 1017 and 1018: An Analytical Inventory.” M.A. thesis, The University of Western Ontario, 1994.

The computer indices were prepared by Debra Lacoste (The University of Western Ontario) with editorial assistance from Keith Glaeske.