I-PCsa 65

Piacenza, Basilica di S. Antonino - Biblioteca e Archivio Capitolari, 65
Number of chants: 5457

Provenance: Piacenza
Date: 1100s
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Piacenza, Basilica di S. Antonino - Biblioteca e Archivio Capitolari, 65

Siglum: 
I-PCsa 65
Date: 
1100s
Provenance: 
Piacenza

An antiphoner that forms one section of the twelfth-century Liber Officium of Piacenza Cathedral, Piacenza, Italy. 480 x 340 mm. Central-Italian notation on a dry-point staff, with the F-line colored red. Cathedral cursus. 450 folios.

Liturgical Occasions "at a glance" (refer to the index for complete contents):

Ff. 268-273v: Invitatory Tones. Ff. 274r-365: Temporale. 268r, First Sunday of Advent; 285v, Christmas; 296r, Ferial Office; 303r, Septuagesima; 308r, Ash Wednesday; 325v, Holy Thursday; 330v, Easter; 343v, Pentecost; 348v-352r, Sundays after Pentecost; 352r, Summer Histories; 363r, Trinity.

Ff. 365v-423r: Sanctorale. 365v, Stephen; 371v, Sabinus; 387r, Gervasius and Protasius; 393v, Paul; 396v, Laurence; 405v, Justina; 410v, All Saints; 414r, Finding of Antoninus.
Ff. 423r-431v: Common of Saints. Ff. 431v-433v: Dedication of a Church. Ff. 433v-435v: Office for the Dead.

The manuscript is a compendium. It contains a tonary of invitatories (ff. 1-3), a small tonary of antiphons (ff. 3v-4v), a small tonary of mass chants (ff. 149-151), a gradual (ff. 151-228r), a sequentiary (ff. 228v-261), a second tonary of antiphons (ff. 264-267v), and several treatises on alchemy, astronomy and music theory. At least three different scribes were involved in the copying of these portions of the manuscript. All of the hands are twelfth-century Italian. The antiphoner (ff. 267v-450) is complete, and copied entirely by a single hand. (For a fuller discussion of the manuscript's contents and its scribes, please see the introduction to Glaeske, Piacenza, Biblioteca Capitolare 65, below.) The foliation is inconsistent: sometimes it is stamped onto the page or pencilled in, but at other times it is altogether lacking. The antiphoner contains several Offices that do not occur in any of the sources surveyed in Hesbert's >Corpus Antiphonalium Officii: chief among these are those for Sabinus, first bishop of Piacenza (ff. 371v-373v); the martyrs Gervasius and Protasius (ff. 387r-389r); Justina, patron of Piacenza (405v-407v); and the Finding of Antoninus (ff. 414r-416r). In the index, differentiae are assinged arbitrary numbers, and no attempt has been made to match this numbering system to that of either of the tonaries in the same manuscript. Each chant not found in CAO has been assigned an arbitrary number prefixed by "pia".

Selected Bibliography

Glaeske, Keith et al. Piacenza, Biblioteca Capitolare 65. With an introduction by Paul Merkley. Ottawa: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1993.

Merkley, Paul. Italian Tonaries. Ottawa: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1988. See especially pp. 142-145.

The computer file was prepared at The Catholic University of America by Keith Glaeske, Keith Falconer, Lila Collamore, and Richard Rice.