A-KR VI/258

Kremsmünster, Benediktiner-Stift Kremsmünster - Musikarchiv, Schachtel VI/258
Number of chants: 1822

Provenance: St. Pölten
Date: 1250+
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Kremsmünster, Benediktiner-Stift Kremsmünster - Musikarchiv, Schachtel VI/258

A-KR VI/258
St. Pölten

Fragments of Augustinian liturgy written between 1250 and 1280 for the Augustinian cloister of St. Hippolytus in St. Pölten, Austria, now housed in the Benedictine monastery of Kremsmünster. Non-diastematic neumes. Secular cursus. 65 leaves.

Liturgical Occasions “at a glance” (refer to the index for complete contents):

Ff. 1-63: Temporale and Sanctorale. 1r, first Sunday of Advent; 2r, Nicholas; 4r, Lucy; 4, Great “O” antiphons; 9v, Christmas; 14r, per annum; 15v, Fabian and Sebastian; 17v, Agnes; 19r, Conversion of Paul; 19r, Purification; 20r, Septuagesima; 21r, First Sunday of Lent; 27v, Easter; 38r, Philip and James; 38v, Finding of the Cross; 41v, Ascension; 43r, Pentecost; 45r, Trinity Sunday; 46r, John the Baptist; 47r, Peter and Paul; 48r, Margaret; 49v, Mary Magdalene; 50v Peter’s Chains; 51r, Finding of Stephen; 52r, Afra; 53r, Laurence; 55r, Hippolytus; 55v, Assumption; 56v, Augustine; 57r, Exaltation of the Cross; 57v, Matthew; 58r, Commune; 60r, Histories.

The fragmentary nature of these leaves has resulted in numerous lacunae: after ff. 1v, 2v, 3v, 11v, 12v, 13v, 14v, 18v, 19v, 20v, 21v, 22v, 23v, 35v, 36v, 37v, 41v, 43v, 45v, 46v, 47v, 49v, 51v, 55v, 56v, 57v, 58v, 59v, and 61v. Several important liturgical occasions are missing, including Epiphany and Palm Sunday. Many of the extant leaves have been cropped, so that significant portions of their contents are missing. These include: 2r, 2v, 21r, 21v, 23r, 23v, 32r, 32v, 36r, 36v, 37r, 37v, 38r, 38v, 40r, 40v, 42r, 42v, 44r, 44v, 47r, 47v, 52r, 52v, 53r, 53v. In most of these instances, enough of the original chant is visible in order to identify the text. In addition, a number of folios are very badly damaged and not all their texts can be positively identified. These include: 1w, 1x, 4r, 5r, 10r, 10v, 11v, 15r, 16, 17r, 27r, 29v, 30r, 31v, 56r, 60r.

Some differentiae and modal designations for antiphons are visible; these appear to survive from the earliest layer of scribal activity. When the modal number and/or the full differentia can be read clearly, these have been entered into the index. The cropping of many of the complete folios has resulted in incomplete differentiae in their margins and modal designations which have been obscured or eliminated. The differentiae are numbered arbitrarily for each mode.

Modes for responsories are provisional; they are being proposed after an analysis of the neume forms of the responsory verses and a comparison of the modal designations of the various responsories in other sources in the database. This analysis has demonstrated that the standard verse tones are consistently represented within these leaves by neumes distinctive for each mode. Because of their provisional nature, all mode numbers for responsories in the index are followed by a question mark. Again, if there is any ambiguity (such as in cases where a non-standard tone is given for a verse or where the verse cannot be sufficiently read), a mode has not been assigned.

All chants not included in CAO have been assigned a number prefixed by “pol.”

Selected Bibliography

Czernin, Martin. “Rester eines Augustiner-Chorherren-Antiphonares in der Bibliothek des Benediktinerstiftes Kremsmünster.” Jahrbuch des Oberösterreichischen Musealvereines.Band 142/I (1997): 200-214.

Roland, Martin, and Czernin, Martin. “Ergänzungen zum Band 22 der Studien und Forschungen ‘Buchschmuck in Lilienfelder Handschriften.’” Unsere Heimat: Zeitschrift für Laneskunde von Niederösterreich Jahrgang 68, Heft 2 (1997): 124-133.

The computer file was prepared by Martin Czernin (University of Vienna) with editorial assistance by Andrew Mitchell (The University of Western Ontario).