CANTUS Database

Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 74

Cologny, Bodmer 74 is the earliest instance of intelligible diastematic notation, as well as the most comprehensive source of Old Roman chant. This gradual was copied no later than May 20, 1071, under the auspices of Pope Alexander II, by the Arch-presbyter John of S. Cecilia of Trestavere, as attested by the hologram stamp on folio 129r. The stamp is made up of two concentric red circles, above which is the following inscription in black ink: hic tempore domni Alexandri papae scriptus neumatusque est per Iohannem presbyterum. Indic[tione] VIIII Ant[iphonarius] iste.

Leeds, Central Library, F-rc2m (fragment)

Leaf from an antiphoner, used as a binding. Approximately 440 x 310 mm, but trimming has occurred and the fragment is hard to measure. Writing area originally some 250 mm wide.

4 line red staves. Currently 11 per page, but possible one has been lost to trimming. Custos (upward pointing) in right-hand margin, rounded c-clef in the left.

German hufnagel notation, with some distinctive features: pes has a slight hook, salicus a hairline tail on the left. Differentia designated with "E o e."

Chants for the Annunciation and Paschaltide saints.

Philadelphia, Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E M 70:16

This initial begins the invitatory at Matins for Palm Sunday, "Ipsi uero non cognoverunt uias meas ..." (These men have not known my ways). Usually, scenes of Christ's entry into Jerusalem are peopled with apostles and citizens of the city waving palms to honor Christ. This example, however, shows Christ alone on the ass. Like Lewis E M 70:15, the minimalization of the scene may have been intended to emphasize Christ's spiritual solitude as he went through his Passion.

Leeds, Central Library, F-njql (fragment)

Leaves from an antiphoner. 390 x 230 mm, writing area 260x190 mm. Measurements approximate as fragment is in situ.

Chants for feast of Mary Magdalene; sequence of antiphons suggests a possible York Use.

Probably originally seven staves per page, as approximately one line worth is missing from the fragment. Four-line red staff. Probably originally 7 per page. Square notation, slightly curved, with no custos or division lines and hairline stems. C-clef with two diagonal strokes, F-clef with four.

Montreal (Quebec, Canada), Private collections, D-0dex0(fragment)

Two fragments, likely from the same manuscript, obtained in Paris in August 1930, according to a note on the back of the frame.
Page dimensions, 560x390mm; written area approx. 410 x 255 mm.
Southern Textualis (perhaps French?).
Red, four-line staff, five per page; upward pointing custodes, and red divisio lines.

Austin, Harry Ransom Center, HRC 145

95 leaves: parchment, 583 x 405 mm. Written in Latin, Gothic rotunda script. Includes illuminations, decorations, musical notations with 5-line stave layout.

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