München, Franziskanerkloster St. Anna - Bibliothek, 12o Cmm 1 | Cantus Manuscript Database

München, Franziskanerkloster St. Anna - Bibliothek, 12o Cmm 1

D-Ma 12o Cmm 1
Franciscan breviary from central Italy. Possibly early thirteenth century, after 1235. 170 x 110 mm. Central-Italian staff notation. Cathedral Cursus. 361 folios.
Liturgical Occasions

Ff. 1-5: Early Franciscan kalendar. Ff. 6: Ordines for visiting the sick, the commendation of souls and the Office of the Dead.
Ff. 12-152: Temporale. 12r, First Sunday of Advent; 31r, Christmas; 34r, Stephen; 44r, Epiphany; 51r, Dominical Office; 56r, Ferial suffrages; 63r, Septuagesima; 72r, Ash Wednesday; 101r, Triduum; 110v, Easter; 128r, Pentecost; 132r, Histories.
Ff. 153-203: Sanctorale. 153r, Andrew; 155v, Lucy; 157r, Agnes; 160r, Conversion of Paul; 160v, Purification; 163v, Agatha; 166r, Annuncitaion; 167v, Peter’s Chair; 169v, Philip and James; 170r, Finding of the Cross; 172v, John the Baptist; 176v, Peter and Paul; 183v, Laurence; 186v, Assumption; 189r, Beheading of John the Baptist; 189v, Nativity of Mary; 191v, Exaltation of the Cross; 192v, Michael; 195v, All Saints; 197v, Martin; 200r, Cecilia; 202r, Clement.
Ff. 203-217: Common of Saints. Ff. 218-220: Dedication of a Church. Ff. 220-227: Invitatory tones. Ff. 227-229: Votive Offices for Mary. Ff. 229: Ordo for grace at meals and other blessings. Ff. 230-281: Lectionary for Temporale.
Ff. 281-285: Office for Francis of Assisi.
Ff. 286-321: Lectionary for Sanctorale. Ff. 322-329: Hymnal. Ff. 330-353: Psalter. Ff. 353-355: Mass Ordinary chants. Ff. 356-361: Lectionary for Commune.


The latest material in the manuscript appears to be Julian of Speyer’s Office of Francis, which has been dated recently to approximately 1235 (Miskuly, 1989).

An addition (possibly from the fourteenth century) has been made to the kalendar of the feast of the Roman church, St. Pancras de secretario (van Dijk, 1956). Other additions to the kalendar have been associated by van Dijk with a mid-thirteenth century Roman liturgical reform, (also van Dijk, 1956), suggesting that the manuscript was in Rome perhaps as early as the thirteenth century.

The differentiae of each mode have been numbered with a two-digit system: an upper-case letter indicating the final pitch of the differentia and a sequentially ordered numeral. Differentiae that vary in terms only of immediately repeated notes, presence/absence of liquesence or neumation are give the same differentia code, but are distinguished with a lowercase letter in the first column of the “Extra” field (see File Description).

Chants not found in CAO have been assigned arbitrary numbers beginning with "fra". The codes for differentiae and chants not found in CAO in this index are consistent with those used for the other Franciscan manuscripts in the database:

Assisi, Biblioteca comunale, 693
Assisi, Biblioteca comunale, 694
Assisi, Cattedrale San Rufino - Archivio e Biblioteca, 5
Budapest, Egyetemi Könyvtár (University Library), lat. 118, 119, 122, 121
Chicago, Newberry Library, 24
Città del Vaticano (Roma), Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, lat. 8737
Fribourg (Switzerland), Bibliothèèque des Cordeliers, 2
Napoli, Biblioteca nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III, vi. E. 20

Selected Bibliography

  • Mitchell, Andrew W. “The Chant of the Earliest Franciscan Liturgy.” Ph.D. diss., The Unversity of Western Ontario, 2003.
  • Miskuly, Jason M. “Julian of Speyer: Life of St. Francis.” Franciscan Studies 49 (1989): 93-115.
  • van Dijk, S.J.P. “Some Manuscripts of the Earliest Franciscan Liturgy (ii).” Franciscan Studies 16 (1956): 60-101., and Joan Hazelden Walker. The Origins of the Modern Roman Liturgy: The Liturgy of the Papal Court and the Franciscan Order in the Thirteenth Century London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1960.

Notes on the Inventory
The computer index was prepared by Andrew Mitchell at The University of Western Ontario.
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