Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, lat. 8737 | Cantus Manuscript Database

Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, lat. 8737

V-CVbav 8737
Franciscan breviary from central Italy. Possibly thirteenth century, after 1232. 215 x 152 mm. Central-Italian staff notation. Cathedral Cursus. 301 folios. (olim I-Rvat lat. 8737)
Liturgical Occasions

Ff. 1r-177v: Temporale. 1r, Stephen (begins at Matins); lacuna (part of folio 5 is torn away); 17r, Epiphany; lacunae (after 20v and 21v); 24r, Dominical and Ferial Offices; lacuna (after 39v); 40v, Septuagesima; lacuna (after 48v); 52v, Ash Wednesday; lacunae (after 61v, 68v, and 72r); 94v, Triduum; 106v, Easter; lacuna (after 113v); 134r, Pentecost; 140v, Histories; lacunae (after 152v, 159v and 161v).
Ff. 177v-269v: Sanctorale. 178r, Andrew; 183r, Lucy; 186v, Agnes; 191r, Conversion of Paul; 192r, Purification; 196v, Agatha; lacuna; 197r, Peter’s Chair; 198v, Annunciation; 202v, Mark; 203v, Philip and James; 204v, Finding of the Cross; 207r, Appearance of Michael; 210r, John the Baptist; 216v, Peter and Paul; 228r, Peter in Chains; lacuna; 229r, Laurence; 233v, Assumption; 238r, Beheading of John the Baptist; 240r, Nativity of Mary; 243r, Exaltation of the Cross; 246r, Michael; 250r, Francis; 258r, All Saints; lacuna (part of folio 259 torn away); 261r, Martin; 265v, Cecilia; lacuna (after 265v); 268r, Clement.
Ff. 269v-290r: Common of Saints; lacuna (after 273v). Ff. 290r-293v: Dedication of a Church. Ff. 293-296r: Votive Offices for Mary. Ff. 296r-299v: Office for the Dead (incomplete). Ff. 200r-301r: Kalendar (May-August).


The latest indication of date in the manuscript is the name of Dominic (canonized in 1232) in the kalendar, in the main hand. Apart from that, no clear indications of date have been uncovered. The differentiae of each mode have been numbered with a two-digit system: an upper-case letter indicating the final pitch of the differentia and a sequentially ordered numeral. Differentiae that vary in terms only of immediately repeated notes, presence/absence of liquesence or neumation are give the same differentia code, but are distinguished with a lowercase letter in the first column of the “Extra” field .

The codes for differentiae are consistent with those used for the other Franciscan manuscripts in the database:

Assisi, Biblioteca comunale, 693
Assisi, Biblioteca comunale, 694
Assisi, Cattedrale San Rufino - Archivio e Biblioteca, 5
Budapest, Egyetemi Könyvtár (University Library), lat. 118, 119, 122, 121
Chicago, Newberry Library, 24
Fribourg (Switzerland), Bibliothèque des Cordeliers, 2
München, Franziskanerkloster St. Anna, Bibliothek, 12o Cmm 1
Napoli, Biblioteca nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III, vi. E. 20

    Selected Bibliography

    • Bannister, Henry Marriott. Monumenti vaticani di paleografia musicale latina. 2 volumes. Lipsia: O. Harrossowitz, 1913.
    • Bruning, Eliseus. “Giuliano da Spira e l’Officio ritmico di S. Francesco.” Note d’archivio per la storia musicale 4 (1927): 145-47.
    • Felder, Hilarin. Die liturgischen Reimofficien auf die heligen Franciscus und Antonius gedichtet und componiert durch Fr. Julien von Speier (†c. 1250). Freiburg: Universitäts-Buchandlung, 1901.
    • Mitchell, Andrew W. “The Chant of the Earliest Franciscan Liturgy.” Ph.D. diss., The Unversity of Western Ontario, 2003.
    • van Dijk, S.J.P. and Joan Hazelden Walker. The Origins of the Modern Roman Liturgy: The Liturgy of the Papal Court and the Franciscan Order in the Thirteenth Century. London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1960.

    Notes on the Inventory
    The inventory for V-CVbav 8737 was prepared by Andrew Mitchell at the University of Western Ontario.
    Complete/Partial Inventory
    Complete Inventory
    Full Source/Fragment
    Full Source